In the USA, racism is linked inextricably to slavery and segregation. In England, racism is not linked to either of those things as they never happened here. Neither is English racism linked to British imperialism, much as the Guardian’s snowflake columnists would like it to be. No, our racism is bog-standard, no-frills xenophobia mixed with the desire, especially among the working classes, to blame “the other” for the shit we have to put up with such as low pay and poor public services. This needs to be accepted by those campaigning for racial equality in England if they are to be successful in reducing racism. It’s no good tearing down the statues of long-dead slave traders as they mean nothing to us and we don’t feel guilty for such sins of the past in the same way that Americans do. It would be more effective to get us to realise that it is not the migrants who are working for next to nothing who are the cause of us working for next to nothing but the bastard who pays both them and us next to nothing and then pockets the profits of his or her exploitation, often without paying the appropriate tax on them.